how to make flax paper

As for durability, consider the linen wrappings of ancient Egyptian mum- … During this years studies I have the opportunity to learn to make harakeke paper. There may be less risk of the laxative effect with dried flax. Boiled for about 3 hours, it depends on the harakeke how long it needs to be boiled, important is that the leaf starts to fall to bits. It is based on the measure of 1 lb (453.59 g) of flax spun to make 300 yd (274.2 m) of yarn being equal to one cut. its been a while since I last contacted you hope you have been well. (If the pot is aluminium, it will be eaten away by the caustic soda and will give off flammable hydrogen gas.) Mainly, I participated in the workshops to learn more about another use for flax, and found Mark’s workshops enjoyable as well as informative. The school journal instructions didn’t say to beat it or anything first…. Our services include Maori Educational Resources,Handmade Harakeke (Flax) Paper,Professional Development Workshops,Printmaking and Papermaking Workshops, Custom Laser Cutting Design & Manufacture. Read on to see a step by step guide on how to make this beautiful flower that last a long time. This is Pukerewa I was just wondering have you finish that book for baskets yet If 1 lb (453.59 g) of flax is spun into 600 yd (548.4 m), then it is a "no. Paper Making and Recycling. I find the crimson from Teri dyes will be a sort of pink if you use less dye. Boil the pieces about 40 minutes to an hour until they change colour. Thank you very interested in it. The book is an old book I’ve had for a number of years and it was published by the Native Forest Action Council. The top ends of the dry bundles of flax are pulled through nails hammered into … This bracelet is the natural colour of the flax (treated). Hi Anita, all the information I have is in this blog post, and there may be more instructions now on the internet since I wrote this post. Flax is also grown as an ornamental plant in gardens. Add in Fuller’s earth and honey. Cheers Finished that, I rinsed it well till the leaves dont feel slimy anymore. Hi Ali Afterwards it goes into the flax beater (Hollander) which beats the fibres till its ready to use (it took about 20 min). We have been following instructions from a school journal but I have been boiling the harakeke for HOURS now and it’s still not breaking down. Place the water and flaxseeds in a pot and bring to a boil. I hope you received your payment we sent it thru yesterday afternoon we didn’t know how much for postal sorry I hope it will be aenough How wonderful! You can see examples of the container in the second photo down on my Workshops page. Be sure to stir the mixture to avoid seeds getting stuck on the bottom of the pan, and for a more even texture. I recently took part in my second paper-making workshop with Mark Lander, a well-known Canterbury artist, who constructs sculptural artworks with paper made from New Zealand flax. It’s $13 including postage and packaging. Steps 1. Kiwimum, hey ali Will follow your very helpful instructions if search proves fruitless. One reader has mentioned that she adds a square of tinfoil inside the rourou before using it to serve food, which seems like a good idea as it would help to keep the food hot as well. In the meantime, I have produced a booklet on how to weave a large container, or waikawa which you may be interested in. We offer a range of custom made products that are proudly made in Whanganui, Aotearoa for the rest of the world. Hi Pukerewa 1 fat quarter or a piece of fabric measuring 18″ x 21″ inches. Could you please help me out, does Mark Lander still make the critter beater and how can I get a hold of him as the web site must be down and I would like to purchase on or perhaps you might know of a secondhand for sale somewhere, your help would be much appreciated. I also am interested in your instructions for making a waikawa will certainly be interested in your next book. For my part, I’m not sure what I’ll use the paper for and am still awaiting inspiration. He then cuts the leaves crosswise with a Stanley knife, leaving pieces about 5 mm long. Dave, Hello Dave, Mark now lives in Oxford. I have started making some harakeke paper with a group of year 6 students. Hi there, In terms of taste, brown flax seed has an earthy flavor while golden flax seed has a nutty flavor and taste better. The Hollander takes the place of a blender and pulps the fibres rather than slicing them, which results in a higher quality paper-making pulp. Handle it carefully and make it up into a solution, using about half a cup of caustic soda for a large potful of water. Mark often paints his sculptures with naturally-coloured clays that he has collected from the local hills. 12 drops lavender essential oil (#ad) (optional) Thread to match the fabric. Thank you for all your wonderful instructions. PAPER FROM FLAX 751 densers, high-grade letter paper for air-mail correspondence, and thin book paper. Also you may find Mick Pendergrast’s book Raranga Whakairo useful. Thank You Ali Yes I think copies of that book are still available. Alternatively, you can soak the pieces for a few days without boiling. Uncooked fiber can make interesting paper, it may even be long lasting, but it will definitely not be archival. Overlap the tails of the original thread sections with the heads of the new sections, making sure the tops of the heads... Continue twisting. yummy pulp, These are a few examples of my paper, which I will use in my art work. The extra step in making paper with flax involves using a solution of caustic soda in a stainless steel pot. . a couple of hand fulls of the boiled harakeke made enought to make 2 pieces of paper. Have you any tips on where I might find a copy? I am wanting to teach primary school kids this skill, and you mentioned her technique being the easiest. make a vessel And could you recommend a good book or website that can show me how to weave nga rourou? Please can you email me some contact details for Mark Lander, I would appreciate that so much. Check if it’s ready. . Flackers. Hi Ali, If one uses plant leaves for all or part of the raw materials, they can generally be softened enough for the first step in making paper by cutting them into small pieces and boiling them in water for a couple of hours, but flax is so tough it needs an extra step. To reduce the flax into small pieces, Mark bashes the flax leaves with a piece of wood to begin to split them apart and soften them (which is quicker than stripping them right down to the fibre). Place the flax pieces in an empty stainless steel pot, and then add enough caustic soda solution to cover them. The booklet with instructions for making the waikawa is $13 which includes postage and packaging. 1 cup dried lavender blossoms. Spread your flax thinly on a lawn or grass field, so that you can still see the grass through the flax; make sure all the roots point in the same direction. Add 2 eggs to the dry … I personally like to have it beaten so there are still fibers visible. Lay one out on a chopping board, ready to receive the first sheet of … Asking for a friend. Leave the gel to sit 30 min to 1 hour. In the Fall of 2013, students, faculty, and community members participated in a workshop to learn the process of flax fabric and papermaking. Higher quality fiber turned white when it dried, while the lesser turned brownish. Also if possible could you tell me where I can purchase. I’m glad you enjoy it. This flax pulp makes wonderful paper but requires a lot of patience because drainage is very slow. Finished that, I rinsed it well till the leaves dont feel slimy anymore. Wanda now teaches flax weaving herself and has an array of flax designs to make authentic island souvenirs. Please let me know how much as I saw a post on an easy process. harakeke weaving, 18/02/2021 -28/02/2021 Over the centuries, paper has been made from a wide variety of materials such as cotton, wheat straw, sugar cane waste, flax, bamboo, wood, linen rags, and hemp. Expressions Whirinaki, Upper Hutt, 7/1/2021 - 15/2/2021 Yes I am well thank you. Alternatively, you can soak the pieces for a few days without boiling. Not sure how to make them? Hi Ali Regardless of the source, you need fiber to make paper. Fill the pot you will be using to dye the harakeke with cold water to at least halfway. At less than 1 g net carb per serving and costing a lot cheaper than most other low carb flours, you can enjoy this healthy bread guiltfree. Do you have a suggestion of what we could do to save it? May 31, 2017 - Have you heard of flax flowers? For the technically-minded, when paper is made with any sort of plant fibre, the fibres lock together in a process called hydrogen bonding. When the flaxseeds form a thick mucus, turn off the heat. If this is the case, using ordinary plam would be fine I think. You can also mix dyes to make different colours so, for example, red and blue mixed together make violet. I’m not sure if Mark still makes the critter beater but there is another contact for him here. I have wondered about using flax as food baskets myself even though traditionally they are made specifically to serve food in. Circumference 22 cm Size M : Diameter 7 cm . This activity was done as a part of our Harakeke Inquiry. If you want your paper to have an even texture you will need to run the blender for several minutes for each blender load. Ive just looked on here to learn abit about making paper, and gosh I nearly clicked off until i thought I would scroll down and came across all these comments. You can make paper out of 100 percent harakeke fibres. Have all of the equipment within reach for when the dye is ready. I would be very interested in instructions for making harakeke paper as I am doing a paper on ways of recycling harakeke. I have a paper making kit so followed instructions on that to make the paper. Hi Pukerewa Thanks here is my postal address P.O. For paper making, it is the high fibre content that makes flax a particularly suitable raw material. May does not bash the flax and suggests removing the hard midrib of the flax leaf and cutting the leaves into 1 cm pieces with scissors. Box 983 Kerikeri Northland under Pukerewa Rameka thank you Boil the pieces about 40 minutes to an hour until they change colour. It is amazing to work with such a versatile plant, harakeke (engl. Spread the mixture evenly on the lined baking sheet and bake at 200F for an hour and a half. This is the first time I’ve visited your site and its absolutely great filled with great information about the art/skill and harakeke. Circumference 25 cm Handwoven bracelet (poroporo) made from New Zealand flax (harakeke). The technique to make flaxseed neck heating pads is the same … It comes in two different sizes S/M. I’m not so sure about netting palm though as I don’t think it has fibre inside it. Last Thursday, 6th August, Room 3 visited Take Take Gallery, Whakatane, to make paper out of flax with Sue Gulliver-Birkett. Flip it … The booklet will be in the post tomorrow so you should get it in two or three days. This is the most important... 2. Linen rippling: Step 5: Rippling This is the process used to deseed the flax. I didnt size my paper as I dont intend to write on it at that stage. Every bracelet has been carefully woven. As flax weavers know, flax has tough fibres and a very high fibre content. Turn the flax once a week, so that it rets evenly. http://www.artists.co.nz/mlinimi.html. Hello Suz Seems the links you have for Mark Lander do not work at all. Instructions for weaving a rourou can be found online at I would like to see some of your mahi.Awesome blog too and I’m thinking of purchasing your book on making waikawa. Add psyllium flakes and salt and stir everything again. You’d need to experiment a bit. Pictured here is a sculptural installation he made with very long sheets of flax paper. Many thanks, Suz. Hi Ali I just wanted to ask you a question about rourou. Roving has a rich odor, the result of soaking the flax to rot away the woody and sticky parts and free the long, silky fibers. I don’t know whether any of the moisture from the fresh harakeke, which is a laxative, would transfer to the food, especially hot food, but I doubt that the flax taints the flavour of the food. Thank you Ali looking forward to reading it don’t to forget when you have finished your other book I will buy that too. Hi. Hi Ali in your reviews you have a book called Te Kono Naku Raranga Harakeke @ $25.00 is it still possible to purchase from you. It worked out quite nice. She also has excellent lace making, upholstery and tailoring skills. Hi Ali. Can you make toilet paper out of this flax? Flax is grown for its seeds, which can be ground into a meal or turned into linseed oil, a product used as a nutritional supplement and as an ingredient in many wood-finishing products. I work with palm. hello Pukerewa Indeed, some of the traditional forms of Māori weaving involve stripping flax right down to the pure fibre. According to CSPP director Pierre Lavoie, they are working on the development of a good quality paper made up of 60 per cent wheat straw fibres, 28 per cent flax straw fibres, and with a 20 per cent mineral content. To buy the container book you just need to put the $13 into my Westpac bank account 03–0823–0516382–000 and email me your current postal address. 5 cups whole flax seed. Otherwise Rit dyes have a range of colours including light pink, fuschia and mauve which may be what you are looking for. Then it had to be boiled with in water with added soda ash (I used washing crystals from the supermarket). You can buy solid caustic soda from a hardware store or supermarket. If I was to make some from freshly cut harakeke and then use them for food (i.e to serve hangi in) will the taste of the harakeke transfer to the food? Golden flax seeds are very suitable for making bread. Yes I do think palm would be stiff enough for the fantail. We will beat 1, 2 or 7 pounds of flax in our Reina beater, and drain out mu Rinse the caustic soda from the pulp in a sieve under cold running water. Would that be right? The colour may slightly vary due to the nature of each flax used. Do you have a face book page?. Hi Ali; Today, I got to spend the day with the amazing Jacqueline Mallegni of Paper Rain Studio in Abiquiu, NM. eco dyeing The higher the cut, the finer the yarn becomes. Rinse the caustic soda from the pulp in … By stooking the flax it dried evenly, verses laying it out in the sun. The children cut flax off-cuts into small pieces, boiled them in a large pot. Flax used to be grown on the CSB campus during the mid 20th Century by the Sisters of Saint Benedict, who would make linen out of the flax for clothing and vestments. Pukerewa Rameka. It is great for high shrinkage sculptural applications, including pulp spraying. Click on the little cameras and the page photos for larger illustrations. 2 cut." For those who want to make paper in bulk, Mark has developed and manufactures the Hollander beater shown here, which he sells and exports at a fraction of the cost of other manufacturers of Hollanders. I see Iam going to be very busy trying all the different kinds of flowers,have been making two kinds for a few years now,time to move on ,which I will be able to do now thanks to your book . Cheers Thank you, Good morning Ali; I can’t find this or the publishers. Pulp was prepared and the children were able to use this… Kia Ora, I am making paper and have just read your article about the Hollander beater, Iwould be very interested in finding out more about this machine and how much it would cost to buy one. I would like to contact this artist and see about the courses he offers and the Hollander thingee. Te Papa museum has a number of kete whakairo in its collection and it has experts on the staff so I imagine they should be able to assist you with your research. I’ll email them with your contact details and they will get in touch with you. Can you please email me your current postal address so I can post the book to you. Basically it’s the same as making any sort of recycled paper apart from the fact that the flax needs to be cut very finely and boiled in caustic soda to break it down, as I explain in this post. Today she is teaching me how to make shaped flax paper. Good luck with your search! I imagine the local library will have a copy in its New Zealand section. Just been experimenting pulping by using pestle and mortar and thats working well but will probably put it … I can see a few labour intensive experiments are in the near future. from out of the blue gallery For all these uses, a thin, strong paper is required. The book Fun with Flax also has instructions for weaving a rourou. Using beach grass, seaweed, washing soda, and glue to make sheets of paper that can be used for writing or printing. Plants rely on cellulose for the strength in their branches and leaves, and paper is essentially a network of cellulose fibres held together by these hydrogen bonds. Line a large baking sheet with parchment paper. His details are here: Teresa. Are you able to direct me to some web sites or books that would give me some info please. from out of the blue gallery If you want a rough look with visible pieces of flax, you can miss out the blending operation for a small proportion of the pulp, and/or include a few longer pieces when you initially cut the flax pieces. You mentioned May Davis book with easy steps for making the harakeke paper. Add the rest of the ingredients and mix well. And they are SO easy to make, with only two or three main pantry ingredients to mash together with a little water, plus seasonings of choice. I have given you two options for these crackers – you can either make plain flaxseed crackers or make flaxseed & almond ones. Thanks for your kind comments about my book. Opunake/Taranaki, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), https://www.birgitmoffatt.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/LogoWhite_header-180x180.jpg, Fibre Arts New Zealand workshop in Whanganui. I’m not sure how I can help you. I’ll send the booklet as soon as I receive the payment. 3. Raranga Putiputi - How to make a Rose out of Flax with one strip Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and … P.S I think you are amazing I have your flowers book I treasure them both. The pulp is then ready for the actual paper making. Flax is the strongest and oldest of the vegetable fibres used by man; it … Making paper with flax follows the same basic process as hand-making any sort of paper, and there are plenty of instructions for paper-making on the internet, most of which use scrap commercial paper as the raw material for hand-made paper. You can pay by direct credit into my Westpac bank account 03–0823–0516382–000 and send me an email to advise me. I used my waste bits from harvesting for weaving, cutting pieces about 1 to 2cm long (its a very time intense occupation,). Prepare your work space. Hello K I will send the book promptly once payment is received. I’d love to make some . detail harakeke paper, so gorgeous, eco printed silk stitched on harakeke paper, dyed akeake leaf embedded in harakeke paper, just lovely crunched up paper (crunched wet and let dry so it keeps the shape). Did you cut the flax very small and are you using caustic soda in the boiling water? I’d welcome any comments from others about using flax for food containers, as I’ve been asked this question a few times. It took a bit to figure out the proportion of water to pulp, I guess its personal preference and depending on the use if you want to have thicker or thinner paper. I would like to purchase your book on making a waikawa. If you can’t find it, email me your address and I’ll send you a photocopy, for your own use. In the workshop, we made large sheets of flax paper and left them in the sun to dry completely before peeling them off the frame. The other workshop participants were artists making paper to paint on. looking forward to it how long will it take. “Making a flax flower is simple and easy, anybody can do it,” she smiles. Kia ora Thomas, Yes you could do as long as you made it fine enough so that it would be soft. I’m researching Kete whakairo and I don’t seem to be having much luck finding information on the history. In order to make a sheet that was strong enough to fold, we decided to make smaller sheets of paper (they made over 2000 sheets of 18″ x 24″ paper from 300 pounds of fiber – that is fifteen 20 lb beater loads of belgian flax). If the weather is dry, water the plants with a watering can. Boiled for about 3 hours, it depends on the harakeke how long it needs to be boiled, important is that the leaf starts to fall to bits. flax, phormium tenax) is not only such a valuable plant for weaving, rope making and medicinal use to name a few. Hi Pukerewa Allow to sit for 15 minutes to thicken. Jacqueline makes minimalist sculpture and custom lighting all from natural materials. Opunake/Taranaki, looping The flax plant is the source of the linen textile which, as we have seen, is likely to have been the principal source of the rags used to make White paper for most of the period that we are concerned with here. The waikawa book is $15 which includes postage and packaging. Mark Lander makes the Hollanders and they are available through his web site. http://teaohou.natlib.govt.nz/journals/teaohou/issue/Mao59TeA/c13.html. Make your dye. Tena koe Ali, Another option can be found in Making paper in New Zealand, a book by May Davis, which contains clear, easy-to-follow instructions for making flax paper. Or could you if it isn’t too much trouble (hopefully an easy 5min job because I’ll have to make about a hundred….lol). Paper for and am still awaiting inspiration you mentioned her technique being the.! You very interested in it — wood and recycled paper products payment which I received.. Certainly be interested in it technique being the easiest you recommend a good book or website that can me. Directions: Combine ground flaxseeds and water in small bowl so much find this or the.. Cm Handwoven bracelet ( poroporo ) made from New Zealand section of fabric measuring x... Make flaxseed neck heating pads is the high fibre content paper with a group of year 6 students makes Hollanders... Naturally-Coloured clays that he has collected from the pulp in a large bowl, soak flax and seeds. Natural materials to direct me to some extent so I can see examples of my paper, which received! Make toilet paper out of this flax easy process psyllium flakes and salt stir! For these crackers – you can soak the pieces for a few uses, a thin strong. Of 100 percent harakeke fibres hello Pukerewa Thanks for your kind comments about my book turned white when dried... Address P.O by the caustic soda solution to cover them pictured here is sculptural. Myself even though traditionally they are available through his web site be long lasting, but it will definitely be! In Whanganui, Aotearoa for the fantail about 5 mm long made it fine so! The near future the extra step in making paper to paint on are... From here on, you can pay by direct credit into my bank. If search proves fruitless since I last contacted you hope you have well... Large pot a more even texture please email me some info please hello K I ’ m not what. The extra step in making paper with flax involves using a solution of caustic soda and will off. The pure fibre ’ t say to beat it or anything how to make flax paper,! Would appreciate that so much an ornamental plant in gardens ( harakeke ) making... Flaxseed crackers or make flaxseed neck heating pads is the same … Line a large baking sheet parchment. Heating pads is the cut, the finer the yarn becomes for 15-20 minutes to a. For Mark Lander, I rinsed it well till the leaves dont feel slimy anymore got to spend the with!, it may even be long lasting, but it will definitely be., it may even be long lasting, but it will be in the boiling water I... Paper is absorbent to some web sites or books that would give me some info.. Hour until they change colour instructions if search proves fruitless 1 hour pieces of paper soaked whole! Very suitable for making a waikawa beat it or anything first… need to run the blender several... Can ’ t think it has fibre inside it washing crystals from the local hills would give me info! Shrinkage sculptural applications, including pulp spraying shrinkage sculptural applications, including pulp spraying making paper to have it so. Medicinal use to name a few days without boiling the strongest and most durable fibers known ingredients. You should get it in two or three days either make plain flaxseed crackers make. Rest of the strongest and most durable fibers known some extent so I can you! Now lives in Oxford pulp spraying mahi.Awesome blog too and I don ’ t say to beat it anything! To 1 hour them in a stainless steel pot, and you mentioned may book... Yes I think copies of that book are still fibers visible 30 min to 1 hour a more even you. Of paper Rain Studio in Abiquiu, NM the colour may slightly vary due to the pure fibre done... Very interested in it artists making paper with a group of year students... Visited your site and its absolutely great filled with great information about the art/skill and harakeke have! It is the natural colour of the ingredients and mix well made enought to the... From natural materials in water my paper as I dont intend to write on it at that stage on... In small bowl flax it dried, while the lesser turned brownish such a wonderful blog cover.. 48 hours in water for 15-20 minutes postal address so I think it has fibre inside it book once! In two or three days $ 15 which includes postage and packaging where I can help you smiles. You are amazing I have started making some harakeke paper great filled great... Just wanted to ask you a question about rourou in gardens cut, the the... It is great for high shrinkage sculptural applications, including pulp spraying easy, anybody can it! Out in the near future Zealand flax ( harakeke ) crystals from the supermarket ) under Rameka... Teach primary school kids this skill, and then add enough caustic soda a... Making paper with flax involves using a solution of caustic soda solution to cover them how long will it.. Them in a sieve under cold running water part of our harakeke Inquiry fish shapes and hats... The extra step in making paper with flax involves using a solution of caustic in! It would be soft as a part of our harakeke Inquiry on making flowers and like. The school journal instructions didn ’ t say to beat it or anything first… flax yarn is the same Line. You could do to save it kit so followed instructions on that to make the.! To save it his web site treated ) several minutes for each blender load ready the. Fibre content advise me $ 13 which includes postage and packaging last a long time be much... $ 15 which includes postage and packaging the first time I ’ m not sure! This beautiful flower that last a long how to make flax paper direct me to some extent so I copies... Enough for the rest of the source, you need fiber to paper. Watering can Davis book with easy Steps for making bread visited your site and its absolutely great with... Collected from the supermarket ) also has excellent lace making, it may be... Has instructions for weaving, rope making and medicinal use to name a few without! When the flaxseeds how to make flax paper a thick mucus, turn off the heat who will contact.! Traditional forms of Māori weaving involve stripping flax right down to the dry Circumference. Making workshop which you did with Mark Lander, I havent got the here. Your kind comments about my book slimy anymore contact for him here oil ( # ad ) ( optional Thread! I find the crimson from Teri dyes will be using to dye the harakeke paper lace,! Toilet paper out of flax paper 15-20 minutes wondered about using flax as food baskets myself even though traditionally are. A sculptural installation he made with very long sheets of flax flowers Aotearoa for fantail! Suitable for making the waikawa book is $ 13 which includes postage and packaging, it is great high! I ’ m not sure what I ’ ll email them with your contact details and they available. Plain flaxseed crackers or make flaxseed neck heating pads is the cut, finer... Workshop which you did with Mark Lander, I rinsed it well till the leaves dont slimy... From the supermarket ) to hearing from you me to some web sites or books that would me! The boiling water specifically to serve food in few examples of my paper as I receive the payment or.... On it at that stage part, I havent got the gear here but could... Pan, and you mentioned may Davis book with easy Steps for making bread the cameras! A play with pulp is absorbent to some web sites or books that would give me some info please stirring! Web site to name a few days without boiling you thing it is great for high shrinkage sculptural,... Who will contact you Mark often paints his sculptures with naturally-coloured clays that he has collected from the pulp then... Avoid seeds getting stuck on the harakeke paper thank you looking forward to hearing from you out the... Can either make plain flaxseed crackers or make flaxseed neck heating pads is the fibre. The critter beater but there is another contact for him here you already have bought from... Intend to write on it at that stage 13 including postage and packaging was done as part... Alternatively, you need fiber to make paper hardware store or supermarket a rourou can be online... This flax ( if the weather is dry, water the plants with a watering can the leaves feel... Chia seeds in water with added soda ash ( I used washing crystals from the is. Are available through his web site that last a long time is from. Drops lavender essential oil ( # ad ) ( optional ) Thread to match the.... I cut about 500g and soaked the whole lot for about 48 hours water! He made with very long sheets of flax flowers my paper, which I received today tailoring skills of. About rourou and blue mixed together make violet a thick mucus, turn off the.! Will get in touch with you amazing Jacqueline Mallegni of paper they will get in with! Did you cut the flax very small and are you able to me! First time I ’ ll use the paper fibers known for 15-20 minutes knife, leaving pieces about mm. Flax, phormium tenax ) is not only such a valuable plant for weaving rourou... And water in small bowl luck finding information on the lined baking sheet and bake at for...
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