I appreciate the person”. One becomes a cheerful person, both saintly and effective. I cannot claim exclusive permanent title to anything to land, to knowledge, to people, to things, or even to my own body-mind unit. A lasting sense of security is never achieved through artha.Similar is the result when I analyze pleasure. Keep your mind on your purpose of life. Thus, the purpose of Self-knowledge is not to serve scriptual or commonsense ethics. Priests would follow the way of knowledge; peasants, merchants, and commoners might be inclined to the way of devotion; warriors would identify themselves with the way of action. Another reason given by Krishna is that the source of evil is not in actions, but in passion and desires, the intentions behind the actions. 'Ahankara ego , and manitvam pride, are closely related, both born out of the same cause, that is ignorance of the relationship of the individualized sense of ‘I’ with the world. Being a book of practical wisdom, Bhagavad Gita has much to offer to all human beings to grow as balanced personalities. Its philosophies and insights are intended to reach beyond the scope of religion and to humanity as a whole. Non-alignment ( of thoughts, words and deed) results in a splintered personality. Vice Chancellor Alok Kumar Rai said: “The Lucknow University with ISKCON Youth Forum is starting an … It is not negative but simply factual. It is also not a commonsense ethical standard serving the interest of free-willed, self-conscious being interacting with one another. Whatever happens I will see it as prasada, a blessing given to me from His hands . It is reported to have been translated into 82 languages and it can safely be said that at least 65 or more of these are foreign languages. The whole Gita is a conversation between Arjuna and Lord Krishna on various subjects, clearing all doubts. The value thing is the kind of mind which is happy with such a place. From attachment longing, and from longing anger grows. We may conclude this humble attempt with:vihaya kaman sarvan pumans carat nihsprhanirmamonirahankarah sa santim adhigacchati(Bhagwad Gita 2.71), " A person who has given up all desires for sense gratification, who lives free from desires, wwho has given up all sense of proprietorship and is devoid of false ego - he alone can attain realpeace. Self-knowledge is not meant for obtaining merit(punya) nor for the avoidance of demerit(papa). There are many controversies between the impersonalists and the personalists about the Lord’s appearance as a human being. What is this creation? But, at the start of the Gita, we find Arjuna unwilling to wage war against his own family members. Reflecting upon them will certainly provide a keen insight and a profound grasp of the working of the mind, to make it more contemplative and steay. I will never be jealous of all the aspects of another person – nor will anyone jealous of me ever find me totally superior.. (19). The doctrine of Bhagavad Gita was given to mankind by Lord Krishna in the battle of Mahabharata between Pandava and Kaurava Kings. Withdrawing from battle is in itself a conscious decision; not choosing is still a choice. You can tell that the activities have become an escape for you, when without activity, you feel lost, sad or incomplete.However, a person who enjoys being with himself in quietude is not a sad person. Arjuna, the great archer and leader of the Pandavas, is a member of the Kshatriyas caste (the warrior caste). Such a mind unsplit by internal conflict, undismayed by external adversity, has the best possible preparation for daily life as well as for facing the ethical dilemmas faced by the manager. Universal ethical values , consciously or unconsciously, remain as a matrix for self-judgment for any thought or action which transgress their standards. Thus, Adhyatmajnanam is the knowledge for which the subject matter is atma, oneself or spirituality. He is indeed me. I simply enjoy the world as a field of the discovery of knowledge, without pride, without egotism'. Seeing, therefore, the personal consequences of allowing asaucam to remain, when the object of resentment comes to my attention, I summon the will to think thoughts opposite to the negative thoughts that first came to my mind. Deliberately I search for reasons why others like him. Thus, there is room enough to accommodate all. He is karmaphaladata, the giver of the fruits of all actions.Such devotion is very helpful in preparing the mind for Self-knowledge. The Bhagavad Gita has all the answers to living englightenment. Seeing the person behind the action from such pratipaksa bhavna(opposite view point) will discover an attitude of ksanti, accommodation towards him as well. It is hoped that these values, if sincerely put into practice, will manifest attitudinal change in the mind of the modern day managers. 2.1 Explain the analogy of the sun's three features. It is believed that anyone who recites Bhagavad Gita or chants the shlokas from Shreemad Bhagavad Gita religiously will get rid of their past sins. It is also used to indicate specific aspects of the student-teacher relationship, including Gurukula vasa. Moreover, when cionfronted with ethical dilemmas in making decisions, the interests of dear ones need be judged dispassionately and ignored, if necessary, if these clash with the overall organizational interests. See screenshots, read the latest customer reviews, and compare ratings for Bhagavad Gita. )in the image of Self, and be more accommodative and elicit fuller cooperation towards achievement of the goals set forth. I will never find in one person all qualities which I like, or all qualities which I dislike, having a mixture of things which I find appealing and others which I find non-appealing. Artha stands for all the things which I think will bring security in life to me: wealth, power, influence, fame and name.As a human being, there will be no end to my longing and struggle for artha and kama, so long as I feel both insecure and incomplete and think that artha and kama can make me complete and end my insecurity. This is the right attitude towards my mind, towards any wealth I may have, towards the people around me. Vyadhi means disease; dukha means pain. Jana stands for people(male or female), and samsadi means in ‘assembly’. In addition, the daily discipline of maintaining cleanliness brings about a certain attentiveness and alertness of mind. Raga is more than just a fancy or preference; it is craving for something. I may have read all the scriptures of the world, may be a great student of ethical systems, or may be professional counselor to others, but when it comes to a reaction, mine may be just as mechanical as that of every one else. ‘Meditation upon the teacher’, which means meditation upon the teachings by keeping the teacher(acarya who stands for the vision of the teaching) in one’s heart. View all situations as they occur, factually, with a mind unshaken by emotional intensity- a mind that simply decides what is to be done and directs the doing of it.When something happens that you like, don’t get elated. It can be used for the physical body or its vital functions; mind or its ‘ego’ sense can also be called atma. Let us now discuss the remaining values (from 11 to 20) to ascertain their relevance to assist the modern management for efficient performance of various functions by the managers and guide them for ethical dilemmas faced by them. Self-condemnation can be controlled by pratipaksa bhavana, by refusing to condemn myself, while at the same time deliberately thinking non-self-condemnation thought. Reflection and contemplation are concurrent but secondary means, being simply aid to sravanath. It is not limited to a particular time or age. This attitude establishes the right frame for a contemplative mind- for a mind given to vicara, inquiry into the basic profound questions about myself. Aatmavinigraha may be candidly relevant to the manager at corporate level while facing ethical dilemmas. But know that you do not require people to be happy. Recitation of excerpts and relevance from the Greatest Gift to humanity Indian Association Manukau New Zealand (IAMNZ) will etch a milestone in its history as it celebrates ‘Gita Jayanti’ on Friday, December 18, 2020 at its Diversity Centre located at 25, Tui Street in the South Auckland suburb of Papatoetoe. Variety makes it more interesting. Srimad Bhagavad Gita by Bhagavan Vyasa for the benefit of humanity at large. Such a spirit of service paves way not only to teach and learn more but also better understanding and communication among them. Dambha is an expression quite similar to the manitvam, namely, manifestation of self-glorification, although the foundation of the expression differs. A jnani is not jealous because no second person exists, others seeing themselves as separate entities will indulge in self-demeaning comparative judgments of excellence, followed by the pain of matsarya (jealousy). Bhagavad Gita answers the multifaceted questions on life, sins and eternity thus making it a must-read for a person irrespective of one’s caste, creed, gender, race or ethnicity. VALUE 10: “INDRIYARTHESU VAIRAGYAM”: State of Dispassion towards the Objects of Sense gratification. 77K likes. It also means having an overwhelming value for that goal so that it does not become eclipsed by other goals. This idea is based on the Upanishads and holds that life and death are not real. Ltd., New Delhi(2002), Page2.4. “ steadfastness in action, steadfastness in one’s duty.” Thus, a steady effort on one’s part toward committed goals or toward duties or responsibilities imposed upon one, is Sthairyath. The factual response is the approach to situations of a truly practical person. Like my body gets daily asaucam in my transactions with people and circumstances, similarly linked to my ragas and dweshas ( likes and dislikes, which produce desires and aversions), smudges of envy settle, a spot of exasperation lands, streaks of possessiveness appear, and overall, the fine dust of self-criticism, guilt and self-condemnation spreads into my mind. Such a mind unsplit by internal conflict, undismayed by external adversity, has the best possible preparation for daily life as well as for facing the ethical dilemmas faced by the manager. There is no missionary zeal behind the publication of the Bhagavad Gita. Pride and pretence, which court hurt, drop away from me; and non-harmfulness and accommodation, which soften hurt, become natural to me. According to Dr.(Swami) Parthasarthy, it is not the separateness of the place that makes the value. Arjuna is a member of the warrior class; the battle is the very reason of his existence within this particular order now. Basically, a human being seems to find himself to be a wanting person, with all compelling desires turn upon this human sense of want. Therefore, to clean the mind of resentment and dislikes which solidify into hatred, it is essential for a deliberate search for those things in another person which indicate his humaneness, his saintliness,.They are there in every one. Abhisvanga is, therefore , atisneha(excessive attachment). The idea behind Karma yoga is acting without attachment; in other words, to act without being so concerned about the outcome of our actions. The content of the text is a conversation between Krishna and Arjuna taking place on the battlefield of Kurukshetra just prior to the start of a climactic war. In particular, relationships with such things which I strongly dislike, require accommodation from me. A mind which that appreciates quiet and solitude is a mind that has a love for being with itself. Human struggle for pleasure does not produce lasting contentment. According to Dr.(Swami) Parthasarthy,this Sanskrit word,' janma-mrityu jara-vyadhi-duhkha-dosa-anudar- sanam,' stands for a certain rigorously ( pursued) objective attitude towards life. Bhagavad-Gita study guide contains literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. . I must discover that my struggle to fulfill my sense of want is endless. This graceful acceptance of whatever comes to me from the Lord is called prasada-buddhi .There is no regret; there is no failure; there is no elation; there is no depression. Nothing is really mine. As per doctrine of samatva all living forms must be treated equally. The Bhagavad Gita is a collection of scriptures that contain the spiritual discourse given by Lord Krishna to Arjuna just before he is to commence battle. Questioner (Q): Here Shri Krishna is presenting an analogy of a tree upside down. “[Krishna speaking] Neither agitated by grief nor hankering after pleasure, have they lived free from lust and fear and anger? He looks out toward his opponents and recognizes friends, relatives, former teachers, and finally reasons that controlling the kingdom is not worth the blood of all his loved ones. To become free from the compelling drive of raga, the desire for artha things, and kama pleasures, I must by analysis and discernment recognize that no number of things would ever make me secure nor could any amount of pleasure fill my sense of emptiness. Similarly, dukha, pain, which is a life-long companion, means all forms of pain- physical or mental, small or large , including the grief over loss of a loved one. If I am alert and conscious of what my mind is doing, I always have choice over my way of thinking . Established in meditation, they are truly wise. The longer you elude mrityu, the more certainly a time will come when your hearing will grow dull, vision grow dim, steps unsteady, you may be comfortable while sitting, but uncomfortable while lying down, you may have eating problem, digestion problem, thinking problem. While manitvam’s conceit is an expression based on real achievements and abilities, the claim to fame caused by dambha stems from pretended or fabricated accomplishment and abilities. Self-Knowledge, for what purpose? Discussion on Bhagavad Gita; Principle of ethics research paper January 14, 2021. The plot of the Gita is based on two sets of cousins competing for the throne: The Pandavas and the Kauravas. Aadhyatmika duhkha (internal pain) comprises the aches and pains and troubles of my individualized person, while adhibhautika dukha (external pain) is made up of the problems of the world around me, and adhidavika duhkha is the painful result of an event over which there is no control whatsoever, like a tidal wave or an erupting volcano.Therefore, we should bear in mind the nature of life, which is uncertain, painful and swiftly moving towards old age and death. The former is a well-understood universal value. It is not value that calls for hatred of company or that one should dislike being around people. The result of any act of mine occurs both as the product of materials which I have not authored. Languages . It is a companion for life and can take lifetimes to understand. The name Bhagavad Gita means “the song of the Lord or the ‘manifested one.’” It is composed as a poem, and it contains many key topics related to the Indian intellectual and spiritual tradition. The biggest fear in our … We ( usually) try to escape because we are not satisfied with ourselves. Sama means ‘equal’, Cittavath means ‘state of mind’. Lord Krishna in Bhagavad Gita advocates practicing samatva (equanimity) that relates not only to human form but all lower forms of life. Those who are Thus, acaryopasanam ,is a great personal surrender made only to such a person who has no need of this kind of surrender, or service., to be the beneficiary of the attitude of acaryopasanam. No gain I obtain through effort is ever absolute. When I face every situation with such a mind, I will meet the situation objectively. Anudarsanam means ‘seeing again-and-again’ of the dosa, the ‘faults’ or ‘defects’, in life itself, from birth to death. Lack of steadiness towards a commitment results in goals not being achieved. Arjavam includes not just speech but thoughts and actions also. At a relative level, spontaneous thinking reflects the degree to which universal values have become my personal and assimilated values. A resentment settles in my mind, which is my asaucam of the mind. Bhagavad Gita explains that Nature divides the activities of people according to their inherent qualities shaped by the three Gunas – sattva, rajas and tamas. Values come when I thoroughly understand my relationship to people, places and things around me.. Bhagavad Gita is the first and the best ever self-help book on life. I quit giving them extra capacity which they do not have in reality. Conflict becomes guilt and guilt turns into an underground chorus of self-condemnation, which becomes a subtle asaucam pervading my mind. No Manager worth his/her salt can probably ignore such a value, while discharging his/her managerial responsibilities.Unless he/she makes the best use of the precious time available right now consciously in a planned manner, both for him/herself and for his/her team, he can not succede in achieving the organisational goals efficiently and effectively. You have never changed; you can never change. Swami (Dr.) Parthasarthy has beautifully stated that "I do not ask the sun to quit shining and appreciate the mixed blessing of hot shining sun, nor do I hate honey bees for the fear of receiving a sting and appreciate the place of honey bee and enjoy honey." Thus, a dambhi is one who claims achievements that are not his or pretends to possess abilities which he does not have. Uncategorized. To appreciate the knowledge of the Self , to see the Self for the non- objectifiable wholeness which it is, requires a mind that is contemplative and sensitive. Bhagavad Gita is the first and the best ever self-help book on life. When I think of one thing and say another, or when I say one thing and do another, or when I think about one thing and do yet another third thing, all of these constitute a non-alignment of thought, words and deeds on my part. Neither get elated over getting what you want nor feel dejected when you get what you do not want. Spontaneous thinking of this kind manifests at an absolute level only in one who has Self-knowledge. The name Bhagavad Gita means “the song of the Lord or the ‘manifested one.’”. They said, if you do good to someone, without the thinking of any outcome, that is Karma Yog. This brings a build-up of guilt over failure to complete what was started. Suppose, someone may do an improper action which insults or injures me. Of these, Sravanam is the primary means. The first way is Jnana yoga (the way of knowledge). Asakti is reduction of all the relationships involving claims of ownership to factual relationships. 2.2 Define "krpana". I am dispassionate. Diplomacy has failed, so these two clans’ armies meet on a battlefield in order to settle the conflict and decide which side will gain the throne. “The power of God is with you at all times; through the activities of mind, senses, breathing, and … His chariot driver is the god Vishnu, who has taken the form of Krishna. Swami Tattwamayananda’s class on Srimad Bhagavad Gita is held at the Vedanta Society of Northern California, San Francisco (founded by Swami Vivekananda in 1900) on Friday evenings in the First Universal Hindu Temple in the West (founded by Swami Trigunatitananda in 1905). When the Atman takes birth, it is embodied, but this embodied one can neither kill nor be killed. One becomes a cheerful person, both saintly and effective. ... Krishna says that the truly divine human does not renounce all worldly possessions or simply give up action, but rather finds peace in completing action in the highest service to God. Atma is also saccdanada, the timeless, limitless awareness that is truth of ‘I’ , the Seelf. We start any undertaking very bravely; we are lions of resolution at first, but then enthusiasm wanes. Through ksanti, the heart becomes so commodious, it accommodates all people and circumstances just as they are , without desire or demand that they be different10. Anyway, the world is wide. LUCKNOW: Teachers of Lucknow University (LU) will now learn from the Bhagavad Gita and impart moral education and knowledge to the students during the classroom session. In contrast, if he sincerely imbibes the Arjavam value, he will certainly be a honourable person to be reliable and worthy enough to become a leader of his team, and accepted as a leader in his/her own right. The Bhagavad Gita records the conversation between Krishna and Arjuna right before the epic battle of Kurukshetra. VALUE 20: “ADHYATMAJNANA NITYATVAM”: Stability in the Knowledge of Truth:Adhyatmajnana nityatvam, the19th value in the order told by Lord Krisna to Arjuna, is discussed here as the final 20th value for the sake of more logical analysis. With choice, I can change and can conform my behaviour to values, learn from mistakes, and can hold to commitments in the face of distraction.A Mmanager should necessarily have the complete mastery of his/her mind by imbibing this golden value of atmavinigraha. Mithra media is here to revamp the myths about the readability of this epic manuscript by introducing the new Bhagavad Gita Audio Book that narrates the whole 18 chapters in the book with a musical recitation of slokas. The Bhagavad Gita is an ancient Indian text that became an important work of Hindu tradition in terms of both literature and philosophy. Each item in right may be used once, more than once, or not at all. Similarly, even for my own body, to which my mother, father, society, my wife, son, etc. The Gita is … In the understanding born of asakti, freedom from ownership, one will have anabhisvanga, lack of excessive attachment towards family, but no lack of dispassionate care and affection. Selfhood is nothing but an illusion. Avoidance of this gap, this division between word and action, word and thought, and action and thought, is arjavam .Arjavam can be considered to be extension of satya vacanam, truthful speech. Chapter 2 Verses 19-37 are covered in this article. Thus, it is a steadiness that neither yields to laziness nor is disturbed by distraction.In the management context , Sthairyath highlighted is nistha or firmness not only in seeking the total content of all knowledge, in which all other goals resolve, but also total commitment and steadfastness in one’s duty through appropriate and timely action, in which Sthairyath; steadiness is a prerequisite. Swami (Dr.) Parthasarthy has candidly pointed out that" When it comes to applying effort towards a goal, most of us find ourselves to be arathbhasurah i.e., ‘heroes at the beginning’. Using the words of Vedanta to ‘see myself’ is like using my eyes to see colours.For the present day Manager, the value like Adhyatmajnana nityatvam, may be required in the form of siritual quotient. Such things which constitute adhyatmajnana nityatvam ( constancy centered on Self the future scenario ignorance. ' regard knowledge! Light, he does not produce lasting contentment simply enjoy the world nor people... 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